Parlamento Europeu dos Jovens
A Associação Portuguesa – PEJ organiza, semestralmente, duas Sessões de Selecção Regional, que terão lugar nas regiões Norte, Centro e Sul do país. Conta, em cada acção, com a presença de cerca de 90 participantes.
Cada delegação é composta por 8 elementos, com idades compreendidas entre os 16 e 22 anos e estudantes do Ensino Secundário.
Em cada Sessão serão seleccionadas duas/três delegações, que ficarão automaticamente convidadas a participar na Sessão de Selecção Nacional, a decorrer no mesmo semestre.
A Associação acredita que, desta forma, será possível envolver as mais variadas zonas do país, intensificando o intercâmbio cultural e dando a oportunidade a um maior número de jovens de conhecer e compreender a Europa.
A XXVI Sessão de Seleção Nacional do Parlamento Europeu dos Jovens realizou-se na acolhedora cidade de Lamego, entre os dias 26 e 29 de abril. Juntamente com a Escola Secundária de Moimenta da Beira, estiveram presentes representações de outras escolas: Escola Secundária de Àguas Santas; Escola Secundária de Matosinhos; Escola Secundária de Monserrate – Viana do Castelo; Externato Infante D. Henrique – Braga; Escola Secundária de S. João da Madeira; Escola Secundária de àguas Santas; Escola Secundária de Santo Tirso. Para além destas escolas estiveram ainda presentes várias delegações de outros países: Ucrânia; Rússia; Espanha; Itália; Grécia; Alemanha; Holanda; Suécia e Áustria.
A representação da nossa escola foi acompanhada pelos docentes: Maria do Carmo Aires, Helena Correia e Henrique Amorim.
Durante os trabalhos, os alunos (Mário Teles, Mariana Nascimento, Maria Sarmento, Gonçalo Pinto, Carolina Xavier, Beatriz Freixo, Sofia Lima, Rita Leitão) tinham de se expressar em Inglês e estiveram muito bem, tendo participado ativamente nas comissões e na assembleia geral .
A aluna Rita Leitão foi eleita, de entre os 64 alunos, para representar o nosso país na sessão europeia do Parlamento Europeu dos Jovens que se realizará no início do próximo ano letivo.
Committees and Topics
Committee on Industry, Research and Energy – ITRE – Mário Oliva Teles
“Nuclear controversy with Iran: Negotiations must go on! The EU is the first trade partner of Iran, accounting for almost a third of its exports. Close to 90% of EU imports from Iran are energy related.”
Hans-Gert Poettering, Former President of the European Parliament
Iran ranks as 6th supplier of energy products for the EU. How unstable might EU’s energy supply become if EU insists on imposing sanctions and oil embargo on Iran? If Iran continues refusing to go back to the negotiating table, what role should the EU adopt to influence Iran’s will to work with the international community?
Committee on Employment and Social Affairs – EMPL – Mariana Nascimento
“The financial became economic and the economic became social and the social is essentially the loss of jobs, growth of poverty and continued growth of inequality. Today we have 200 million unemployed. In addition, there is a tendency to use the crisis as an excuse to reduce workers rights.”
Juan Somavia (International Labour Organisation Director-General)
To what extent has the financial crisis lowered labour standards and weakened social policies and how can EU preserve its founding values: basic human rights, rights at work and protection of the individual?
Committee on Development – DEVE – Maria Sarmento
European Year for Ageing and Solidarity between Generations
Worried about growing older? About your place in society when you are 60, 70 or 80?
There is a lot to life after 60 – and society is coming increasingly to appreciate the contribution older people can make. That is what active ageing is about – getting more out of life as you grow older, not less, whether at work, at home or in the community.
How can policymakers and stakeholders within the EU improve opportunities for active ageing?
Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs – LIBE – Gonçalo Pinto
Danish re-imposition of border controls, Dutch surveillance cameras and French-Italian calls for Schengen reform: an attack on freedom of movement or a necessary response to illegal immigration?
In light of growing anti-Schengen sentiment, what is the best balance between a sustainable migration strategy and freedom of movement in Europe?
Committee on Legal Affairs – JURI – Carolina Xavier
The 22 representatives of EU countries that signed ACTA (Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement) agree that it is an international trade agreement that will help countries work together to tackle more effectively large-scale Intellectual Property Rights violations. However others say that it is nothing but one more offensive against the sharing of culture on the Internet.
What would the best direction to take be, given the duty to protect the authors’ intellectual property and the need to safeguard lnternet freedom?
Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality – FEMM – Beatriz Freixo
Statistics show that 12 % to 15 % of women in Europe face violence in the home every day. Worldwide, 40-70% of all female murder victims are killed by an intimate partner.
Violence directed against women by their intimate partners (current or former spouses or boyfriends) is a violation of human rights. It is an epidemic of global proportions that has devastating physical, emotional, financial and social effects on women, children, families and communities around the world. It occurs in all social, economic, religious and cultural groups.
What effective steps should be taken within Europe to combat domestic violence and protect women?
Committee on Foreign Affairs – AFET – Sofia Lima
Cold winter after Arab Spring? According to the United Nations, more than 7,500 civilians have been killed in the uprising since March 2011. Amnesty International claimed that Syrians detained in the crackdown had been “thrust into a nightmarish world of systemic torture,” the scale of which had not been witnessed for decades.
How should the EU work with the international community to put a stop to the brutal escalation of violent oppression in Syria and pave the way for a peaceful transition to a more democratic system?
Committee on Human Rights – DROI – Rita Leitão
Every year several hundred thousand people are believed to be trafficked into the EU or within the Union itself. Human beings are trafficked for many reasons: sexual exploitation, forced labour, begging, organ harvesting and illegal adoption.
This grim business is highly lucrative. It is the second most “well paid” illegal crime after weapons and before drugs, and so far the risk for the guilty has been fairly low.
What can the EU do to create a more hostile environment for the human traffickers, stronger protection for the victims and more rigorous prevention?